Author(s): Li X, Krumholz LR
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Abstract Desulfovibrio desulfuricans G20 grows and reduces 20 mM arsenate to arsenite in lactate-sulfate media. Sequence analysis and experimental data show that D. desulfuricans G20 has one copy of arsC and a complete arsRBCC operon in different locations within the genome. Two mutants of strain G20 with defects in arsenate resistance were generated by nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis. The arsRBCC operons were intact in both mutant strains, but each mutant had one point mutation in the single arsC gene. Mutants transformed with either the arsC1 gene or the arsRBCC operon displayed wild-type arsenate resistance, indicating that the two arsC genes were equivalently functional in the sulfate reducer. The arsC1 gene and arsRBCC operon were also cloned into Escherichia coli DH5alpha independently, with either DNA fragment conferring increased arsenate resistance. The recombinant arsRBCC operon allowed growth at up to 50 mM arsenate in LB broth. Quantitative PCR analysis of mRNA products showed that the single arsC1 was constitutively expressed, whereas the operon was under the control of the arsR repressor protein. We suggest a model for arsenate detoxification in which the product of the single arsC1 is first used to reduce arsenate. The arsenite formed is then available to induce the arsRBCC operon for more rapid arsenate detoxification.
This article was published in J Bacteriol
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation