alexa Regulation of C1 inhibitor synthesis.


Journal of Hematology & Thromboembolic Diseases

Author(s): Prada AE, Zahedi K, Davis AE rd

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The primary biologic roles of C1 inhibitor (C1-INH) are the regulation of activation of the classical complement pathway and of the contact system of kinin formation. Heterozygosity for deficiency or dysfunction of C1-INH results in hereditary angioedema (HAE). This deficiency results in loss of homeostasis with unregulated complement and contact system activation. Due to the consequent C1-INH consumption, plasma levels of C1-INH in patients with HAE are decreased below 50\% of normal. In addition, diminished synthesis contributes to the lowered levels in some patients. The hepatocyte is the primary source of C1-INH, although a number of other cell types, including peripheral blood monocytes, microglial cells, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, the placenta, and megakaryocytes also synthesize and secrete the protein both in vivo and in vitro. Interferon-gamma and alpha (IFN), colony stimulating factor-1, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) all induce C1-INH synthesis in a variety of cell types. The IFN-response elements in the 5'-flanking region and in the first intron have been partially characterized, as have several of the promoter elements that direct basal transcription of the gene. However, although androgen therapy, in vivo, results in an increase in C1-INH plasma levels, a direct effect of androgens on C1-INH synthesis has not been convincingly demonstrated. Although the C1-INH gene contains a potential glucocorticoid/androgen response element, this element does not appear to respond to androgen. Continued analysis of the transcriptional regulation of the C1-INH gene may lead to new approaches to therapy of HAE. This article was published in Immunobiology and referenced in Journal of Hematology & Thromboembolic Diseases

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 7th World Hematologists Congress
    May 09, 2017 Barcelona, Spain
  • International Conference on Hematology and Oncology 
    July 01-2017,Bangkok,Thailand

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version