alexa Regulation of cell survival by resveratrol involves inhibition of NF kappa B-regulated gene expression in prostate cancer cells.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cytology & Histology

Author(s): Benitez DA, Hermoso MA, PozoGuisado E, FernndezSalguero PM, Castelln EA

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Polyphenols have been proposed as antitumoral agents. We have shown that resveratrol (RES) induced cell cycle arrest and promoted apoptosis in prostate cancer cells by inhibition of the PI3K pathway. The RES effects on NF kappaB activity in LNCaP cells (inducible NF kappaB), and PC-3 cells (constitutive NF kappaB) are reported. METHODS: Cells were treated with 1-150 microM of RES during 36 hr. NF kappaB subcellular localization was analyzed by western blot and immunofluorescence. I kappaB alpha was evaluated by immunoprecipitation followed by Western blot. Specific DNA binding of NF kappaB was determined by EMSA assays and NF kappaB-mediated transcriptional activity by transient transfection with a luciferase gene reporter system. RESULTS: RES induced a dose-dependent cytoplasmic retention of NF kappaB mediated by I kappaB alpha in PC-3 cells but not in LNCaP. RES-induced inhibition of NF kappaB specific binding to DNA was more significant in PC-3 cells. NF kappaB-mediated transcriptional activity induced by EGF and TNFalpha were inhibited by RES in both cell lines. LY294002 mimicked RES effects on NF kappaB activity. CONCLUSION: Antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of RES on human prostate cancer cells may be mediated by the inhibition of NF kappaB activity. This mechanism seems to be associated to RES-induced PI3K inhibition. RES could have therapeutic potential for prostate cancer treatment. (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc. This article was published in Prostate and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology

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