alexa Regulation of c-jun expression and AP-1 enhancer activity by granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Adunyah SE, Unlap TM, Wagner F, Kraft AS

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) stimulates the growth and differentiation of human hematopoietic progenitor cells by activating transcription of specific genes. The mechanism by which binding of GM-CSF to its receptor stimulates gene expression remains unknown. To examine this process in more detail, we have transfected human monocytic leukemia cells U937 with a plasmid containing an AP-1 enhancer element and a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase recorder gene and treated them with GM-CSF. We find that GM-CSF stimulates a 2-3-fold increase in chloramphenicol acetyltransferase activity over a concentration range 1-1,000 units/ml. Northern and Western blot analysis demonstrates that the mechanism by which GM-CSF stimulates AP-1 enhancer activity involves increases in c-jun and c-fos mRNA levels, and increases in Jun protein. In a similar fashion the treatment of normal human monocytes with GM-CSF also induced increases in total cellular c-jun. Because protein kinase C plays a crucial role in activating c-jun transcription we examined the role of this enzyme in mediating the effects of GM-CSF. Treatment of U937 cells with inhibitors of protein kinase C including staurosporine 10 nM and H-7 50 microM, or down-regulation of protein kinase C by phorbol ester pretreatment blocks the induction of c-jun by GM-CSF. However, HA which does not block protein kinase C had no effect on GM-CSF stimulation of c-jun RNA levels. In addition, GM-CSF treatment causes the rapid translocation of protein kinase C to the particulate fraction which was maximal by 5 min and returned to base line by 80 min. These data suggest that the binding of GM-CSF to its receptor stimulates increases in c-jun mRNA and protein and activates AP-1 enhancer activity. These effects may be at least in part mediated by activation of protein kinase C.
This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords