alexa Regulation of differentiating pig preadipocytes by retinoic acid.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Brandebourg TD, Hu CY

Abstract Share this page

Abstract All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) potently inhibits the differentiation of porcine preadipocytes in primary culture; however, the mechanism by which ATRA exerts this effect in pigs is poorly understood. The objective of this study was to use retinoid receptor-specific ligands to investigate the mechanism underlying the antiadipogenic action of retinoids in cultured pig preadipocytes by identifying the retinoid receptor mediating this action and examining the effect of retinoids on the expression of key adipogenic transcription factors. Stromal-vascular cells were harvested from porcine adipose tissue and cultured in serum-free medium. Glycerol-3-phoshphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity, a late marker of preadipocyte differentiation, was decreased (P < 0.01) by the addition of 0 to 10 microM of either ATRA, a nonspecific agonist for both the retinoic acid receptor (RAR) and the retinoid X receptor (RXR) or the selective RAR agonist, 4-(E-2-[5,6,7,8-tet-rahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl]-1-propenyl) benzoic acid (TTNPB). Addition of increasing amounts of Ro-61, a RAR-specific antagonist (0 to 10 microM) prevented ATRA and TTNBP from decreasing GPDH activity. Addition of methoprene acid, an RXR-specific agonist, increased (P < 0.01) GPDH activity. Preadipocytes were then continuously treated with 10 nM of TTNPB in the presence or absence of 1 microM Ro-61, and mRNA was isolated on d 2 and 8. Addition of TTNPB decreased (P < 0.001) the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c), retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRalpha), and adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (aP2) mRNA transcripts, whereas these effects were prevented by the presence of Ro-61. Interestingly, TTNBP increased (P < 0.001) the mRNA abundance of the orphan nuclear receptor chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor 1 (COUP-TF1), whereas Ro-61 prevented this increase. These changes were independent of alterations in the mRNA abundances of the retinoic acid receptor alpha, and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha and beta (C/EBPbeta; C/EBPalpha) genes. These results indicate that retinoic acid inhibits porcine preadipocyte differentiation by a mechanism that involves activation of the RAR and downregulation of PPARgamma, RXRalpha, and SREBP-1C mRNA. This mechanism is independent of changes in C/EBPbeta and C/EBPalpha mRNA abundance and may involve COUP-TF.
This article was published in J Anim Sci and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords