Author(s): Krieger de Moraes C, Schrank A, Vainstein MH
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Abstract Metarhizium anisopliae infects insects and ticks via a combination of specialized structures and cuticle degradation. Hydrolytic enzymes are accepted as key factors for the penetration step. The search for pathogenicity determinants has demonstrated that the process is multifactorial. Host specificity is an important factor to be addressed. The study of the enzymes produced during infection is important to discover those with a role in the process. To address some of the enzymes that take part during the infection of the tick, Boophilus microplus, we have analyzed the secretion of proteases and chitinases in single and combined carbon/nitrogen sources as compared with such complex substrates as chitin and B. microplus cuticles. Two chitinases, endo- and N-acetylglucosaminidases, and two proteases, subtilisin and trypsin-like proteases, were analyzed. Enzyme activities were detected in all carbon sources tested, but higher levels were found when combinations of carbon sources were used. A major 30-kDa protein apparently secreted during M. anisopliae growth on all carbon/nitrogen sources tested was demonstrated by SDS-PAGE.
This article was published in Curr Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Mass Communication & Journalism