Author(s): Ct S, Simard C, Lemieux R
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Abstract Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a pleiotropic cytokine with effects on several hematopoietic and other normal cells, is also important for the growth and survival of tumor cells such as murine plasmacytomas and human myelomas. Exploiting the 11A3 hybridoma cell line for its IL-6 requirement to proliferate in vitro, we used subtractive suppression hybridization (SSH) to identify genes whose expression is stimulated and/or repressed in response to IL-6. Northern blot analysis of 100 arbitrarily picked subtracted cDNA clones revealed that expression of 11 mRNAs were IL-6-modulated. Among these, eight were genes known to encode a variety of proteins such as enzymes (PCK, MTDNI), structural proteins (Tropoelastin), transcriptional regulators (BRG1) and proteins involved in cell division control (Cyclin A, OAZi) or cell signaling (PIX, TOPK/PBK). The recently identified MAPKK-like protein kinase TOPK/PBK gene represents a likely candidate IL-6 target gene as suggested by its significant up-regulated expression in hybridoma cells induced to grow by a brief IL-6 pulse. The diversity of growth-related genes identified in this study further emphasizes the central role of IL-6 in the regulation of myeloma cell expansion in addition to its previously demonstrated role in the inhibition of apoptosis.
This article was published in Cytokine
and referenced in Molecular Biology: Open Access