Author(s): Sabri A, Hughie HH, Lucchesi PA
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Abstract Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative and nitrosative stress play an important role in regulation of cardiac myocyte growth and survival. The cardiovascular system is continuously exposed to both reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitrogen species (RNS), collectively termed reactive inflammatory species (RIS), and imbalances between the enzymes that regulate their bioavailability are associated with cardiac hypertrophy and the pathogenesis of cardiomyopathies, myocardial infarction and heart failure. It is now clear that RIS act as critical regulators of cardiac myocyte hypertrophy and apoptosis through control of redox-sensitive signaling cascades, such as tyrosine kinases and phosphatases, protein kinase C, and mitogen-activated protein kinases. This review will focus on the mechanisms by which ROS/RNS modulate cardiac myocyte growth and apoptosis induced by neurohormones and cytokines, and will discuss evidence for a role in the pathophysiology of heart failure.
This article was published in Antioxid Redox Signal
and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome