alexa Regulation of ionic currents in pheochromocytoma cells by nerve growth factor and dexamethasone.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Cell Signaling

Author(s): Garber SS, Hoshi T, Aldrich RW

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Growth factors and hormones induce differentiation of clonal pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells, which are derived from rat adrenal medulla chromaffin cells. On application of nerve growth factor (NGF), PC12 cells extend neurites and express properties characteristic of autonomic ganglion cells. In contrast, incubation of PC12 cells with a corticosteroid, dexamethasone (DEX), does not induce neurite formation but causes an increase in tyrosine hydroxylase activity, suggesting that the cells become chromaffin cell-like. The ability of NGF and DEX to regulate ionic currents has been less well studied. Therefore, we examined how long-term NGF and DEX treatments affected voltage-dependent Na, Ca, and K currents in PC12 cells. Voltage-dependent Na currents were observed only in a small fraction of the PC12 cells in the absence of NGF or DEX. Virtually all NGF-treated cells expressed Na currents within 7 d. DEX increased the number of cells expressing voltage-dependent Na current slowly over 3 weeks, but, unlike NGF, DEX did not change Na current density. Both NGF and DEX also affected the expression of voltage-dependent Ca currents. Most of the untreated cells had only sustained, high-threshold voltage-dependent Ca currents. Chronic application of NGF or DEX increased the fractions of the cells that showed transient, low-threshold T-type Ca currents in addition to the high-threshold currents. The T-type Ca current density, however, increased significantly only in NGF-treated cells. Neither DEX nor NGF affected the voltage-dependent K currents. These results suggest that the expression of voltage-dependent Na and Ca currents are differentially regulated by NGF and DEX. The distinction between treated and untreated cells decreased after 3 weeks in culture as older untreated cells showed increases in the fraction of cells expressing both Na and low-threshold Ca currents. A PC12 subline selected for adherence to uncoated plastic also showed increased fraction of cells expressing these currents, suggesting that interactions with substrate may also influence ionic current expression.
This article was published in J Neurosci and referenced in Journal of Cell Signaling

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords