alexa Regulation of sodium pump endocytosis by cardiotonic steroids: Molecular mechanisms and physiological implications.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Hypertension: Open Access

Author(s): Liu J, Shapiro JI

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Abstract We have previously shown that ouabain and other cardiotonic steroids interact with the plasmalemmal Na/K-ATPase and cause a time and dose dependent endocytosis of the Na/K-ATPase. This endocytosis is demonstrable using fluorescence imaging as well as conventional biochemical and biophysical cell separation methods. In proximal tubule cells, this process appears to regulate the density of basolateral Na/K-ATPase expression directly as well as indirectly modulate transepithelial sodium transport. Work with genetic manipulations, as well as pharmacological agents with cell culture models, have demonstrated that the cardiotonic steroid stimulated endocytosis of the plasmalemmal Na/K-ATPase requires caveolin and clathrin as well as the activation of c-Src, transactivation of the EGFR and activation of PI3K. Interestingly c-Src, EGFR and ERK1/2 all appear to be endocytosed along with the plasmalemmal Na/K-ATPase. These observations suggest a close analogy between a subset of plasmalemmal Na/K-ATPase and signaling companions with conventional receptor tyrosine kinases. While further studies are necessary to delineate the role of this endocytosis in the generation as well as the limit of signal transduction through the Na/K-ATPase signal cascade, we propose that it has an important role in the regulation of renal sodium handling as well as other important processes.
This article was published in Pathophysiology and referenced in Journal of Hypertension: Open Access

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