Author(s): Quintana IZ, Silveira AV, Mller G, Quintana IZ, Silveira AV, Mller G
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Abstract Monoclonal antibodies directed against sheep erythrocytes of the isotypes IgG1, IgG2b and IgG2a were used to analyze the specificity of antibody-induced suppression of the immune response. It was first shown that all monoclonals reacted against different antigenic determinants and they all suppressed the immune response to sheep erythrocytes when given shortly after the antigen to more than 50\% as compared to 90-96\% inhibition obtained with a polyclonal antiserum. Increasing the doses of monoclonals did not increase suppression. However, two different monoclonals administered together caused an additive, but not a synergistic inhibitory effect. No enhancement of the immune response was observed with any of the Ig classes tested. These findings show that four different antigenic determinants on sheep erythrocytes induced the synthesis of corresponding antibodies, with little or no signs of a dominant determinant. Passively administered monoclonal antibodies, even at supraoptimal doses, never suppressed the immune response to the same extent as a polyclonal antiserum, suggesting that each monoclonal only suppressed the synthesis of the corresponding antibody and did not affect antibody synthesis to other determinants.
This article was published in Eur J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research