Author(s): Dejean LM, MartinezCaballero S, Manon S, Kinnally KW
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Abstract Programmed cell death or apoptosis is central to many physiological processes and pathological conditions such as organogenesis, tissue homeostasis, cancer, and neurodegenerative diseases. Bcl-2 family proteins tightly control this cell death program by regulating the permeabilization of the mitochondrial outer membrane and, hence, the release of cytochrome c and other pro-apoptotic factors. Control of the formation of the mitochondrial apoptosis-induced channel, or MAC, is central to the regulation of apoptosis by Bcl-2 family proteins. MAC is detected early in apoptosis by patch clamping the mitochondrial outer membrane. The focus of this review is on the regulation of MAC activity by Bcl-2 family proteins. The role of MAC as the putative cytochrome c release channel during early apoptosis and insights concerning its molecular composition are also discussed.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology