Author(s): Puliti M, Von Hunolstein C, Verwaerde C, Bistoni F, Orefici G,
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Abstract Intravenous inoculation of CD-1 mice with 10(7) CFU of type IV group B Streptococcus (GBS) results in a high incidence of diffuse septic arthritis, associated with high levels of systemic and local production of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and IL-6. In this study, the role of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 in the evolution of GBS systemic infection and arthritis was evaluated. IL-10 production was evident in sera and joints of GBS-infected mice. Neutralization of endogenous IL-10 by administration of anti-IL-10 antibodies (1 mg/mouse) at the time of infection resulted in worsening of articular lesions and 60\% mortality associated with early sustained production of IL-6, IL-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). The effect of IL-10 supplementation was assessed by administering IL-10 (100, 200, or 400 ng/mouse) once a day for 5 days, starting 1 h after infection. Treatment with IL-10 had a beneficial effect on GBS arthritis, and there was a clear-cut dose dependence. The decrease in pathology was associated with a significant reduction in IL-6, IL-1beta, and TNF-alpha production. Histological findings showed limited periarticular inflammation and a few-cell influx in the articular cavity of IL-10-treated mice, confirming clinical observations. In conclusion, this study provides further information concerning the role of IL-10 in regulating the immune response and inflammation and calls attention to the potential therapeutic use of IL-10 in GBS arthritis.
This article was published in Infect Immun
and referenced in Journal of Arthritis