alexa Regulatory role of KEAP1 and NRF2 in PPARγ expression and chemoresistance in human non-small-cell lung carcinoma cells.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Zhan L, Zhang H, Zhang Q, Woods CG, Chen Y,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (NRF2) serves as a master regulator in cellular defense against oxidative stress and chemical detoxification. However, persistent activation of NRF2 resulting from mutations in NRF2 and/or downregulation of or mutations in its suppressor, Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1), is associated with tumorigenicity and chemoresistance of non-small-cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs). Thus, inhibiting the NRF2-mediated adaptive antioxidant response is widely considered a promising strategy to prevent tumor growth and reverse chemoresistance in NSCLCs. Unexpectedly, stable knockdown of KEAP1 by lentiviral shRNA sensitized three independent NSCLC cell lines (A549, HTB-178, and HTB-182) to multiple chemotherapeutic agents, including arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)), etoposide, and doxorubicin, despite moderately increased NRF2 levels. In lung adenocarcinoma epithelial A549 cells, silencing of KEAP1 augmented the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and genes associated with cell differentiation, including E-cadherin and gelsolin. In addition, KEAP1-knockdown A549 cells displayed attenuated expression of the proto-oncogene cyclin D1 and markers for cancer stem cells (CSCs) and reduced nonadherent sphere formation. Moreover, deficiency of KEAP1 led to elevated induction of PPARγ in response to As(2)O(3). Pretreatment of A549 cells with PPARγ agonists activated PPARγ and augmented the cytotoxicity of As(2)O(3). A mathematical model was formulated to advance a hypothesis that differential regulation of PPARγ and detoxification enzymes by KEAP1 and NRF2 may underpin the observed landscape changes in chemosensitivity. Collectively, suppression of KEAP1 expression in human NSCLC cells resulted in sensitization to chemotherapeutic agents, which may be attributed to activation of PPARγ and subsequent alterations in cell differentiation and CSC abundance. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords