Author(s): Shiraki M, Ito H, Fujimaki H, Higuchi T
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Abstract We studied the relation between body size and bone mineral density in elderly females. The study included a total of 93 ambulatory females aged over 60 years. They were divided into 3 groups according to their body mass index (BMI; kg/m2): slender group with BMI less than 20 (n = 28), normal group with BMI of 20 to 24.9 (n = 43) and obese group with BMI greater than or equal to 25 (n = 22). Fracture incidence, bone mineral density, calcium regulating hormones and steroid hormones were studied in an intergroup comparative manner. The incidence of vertebral fracture was found to be negatively correlated with BMI (the incidences of vertebral fracture in slender, normal and obese were 78.6, 48.8 and 22.7\%, respectively) and bone mineral density was also BMI-related (0.390 +/- 0.016, 0.456 +/- 0.015 and 0.493 +/- 0.018 g/cm2, respectively: p less than 0.01 in ANOVA; mean +/- SE). The number of years after menopause was shorter in patients with a higher BMI. There was no intergroup difference in serum levels of PTH, vitamin D and estrogens. On the other hand, serum levels of calcitonin, DHEA, DHEAS, delta-4 androstenedione and testosterone were found to be higher in subjects with a higher BMI. From the present results, it seems that bone mineral density is supported not only by weight-bearing stress upon bone, but also by serum levels of calcitonin and androgens in obese females.
This article was published in Endocrinol Jpn
and referenced in Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity