alexa Relation between body size and bone mineral density with special reference to sex hormones and calcium regulating hormones in elderly females.
Orthopaedics

Orthopaedics

Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity

Author(s): Shiraki M, Ito H, Fujimaki H, Higuchi T

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We studied the relation between body size and bone mineral density in elderly females. The study included a total of 93 ambulatory females aged over 60 years. They were divided into 3 groups according to their body mass index (BMI; kg/m2): slender group with BMI less than 20 (n = 28), normal group with BMI of 20 to 24.9 (n = 43) and obese group with BMI greater than or equal to 25 (n = 22). Fracture incidence, bone mineral density, calcium regulating hormones and steroid hormones were studied in an intergroup comparative manner. The incidence of vertebral fracture was found to be negatively correlated with BMI (the incidences of vertebral fracture in slender, normal and obese were 78.6, 48.8 and 22.7\%, respectively) and bone mineral density was also BMI-related (0.390 +/- 0.016, 0.456 +/- 0.015 and 0.493 +/- 0.018 g/cm2, respectively: p less than 0.01 in ANOVA; mean +/- SE). The number of years after menopause was shorter in patients with a higher BMI. There was no intergroup difference in serum levels of PTH, vitamin D and estrogens. On the other hand, serum levels of calcitonin, DHEA, DHEAS, delta-4 androstenedione and testosterone were found to be higher in subjects with a higher BMI. From the present results, it seems that bone mineral density is supported not only by weight-bearing stress upon bone, but also by serum levels of calcitonin and androgens in obese females.
This article was published in Endocrinol Jpn and referenced in Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords