alexa Relation of body mass index to mortality among men with coronary heart disease.
Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies

Author(s): Benderly M, Boyko V, Goldbourt U

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Reports among patients with coronary heart disease regarding the association between body mass index (BMI) and long-term mortality are inconsistent, ranging among linear, U-shaped, or inverse (the "obesity paradox") associations. BMI and mortality data were available for 12,466 men with chronic coronary heart disease. BMI was classified as <20 (lean), 20.0 to 22.99, 23.0 to 24.99 (reference), 25.0 to 26.99, 27.0 to 29.99, and >or=30 kg/m(2) (obese). Age-adjusted (direct methods) mortality was investigated within risk factor categories. Adjusted hazard ratios compared with the reference group were estimated using a Cox proportional-hazards model. Two thirds of the patients had BMIs >or=25 kg/m(2). A number of risk factors were progressively more frequent with increasing BMI (age, diabetes, past smoking, and metabolic components). Over a median follow-up period of 12 years, adjusted mortality rates per 1,000 patient-years followed a U-shaped association with BMI. The highest risk was noted in 148 lean (hazard ratio 1.41, 95\% confidence interval 1.08 to 1.85) and 1,788 obese (hazard ratio 1.28, 95\% confidence interval 1.15 to 1.42) patients. Mortality hazard in patients with BMIs of 20.0 to 29.99 kg/m(2) (84\% of patients) did not significantly differ from the reference group (lowest risk). Risk factor presence was associated with higher mortality in every BMI category. Lean patients had a particularly poor prognosis in the presence of past myocardial infarction, smoking, or renal insufficiency. A U-shaped association was found in most subgroups examined. In conclusion, BMI >or=25 kg/m(2) is common in patients with coronary heart disease. A U-shaped association, with highest risk among lean and obese patients, is persistent regardless of risk factor presence. Further data are required to support the need of aggressive weight reduction in patients with BMIs <30 kg/m(2). Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Am J Cardiol and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords