Author(s): Sinisalo J, Paronen J, Mattila KJ, Syrjl M, Alfthan G,
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Abstract Endothelium plays a pivotal role in the regulation of vascular relaxation. Inflammation may in turn induce endothelial dysfunction and thus increase the risk of atherothrombosis. We investigated 31 men with angiographically verified coronary heart disease, aged 57. 7+/-5.3 years, in regard to endothelium-dependent, acetylcholine-induced, and to endothelium-independent, sodium nitroprusside-induced vasodilatation in the forearm vasculature by strain-gauge plethysmography. Logistic regression analysis served to determine the relation between forearm vascular function and the inflammatory factors measured, concentration of C-reactive protein, subtypes of peripheral blood T-lymphocytes, and other factors potentially affecting endothelial function (lipoprotein and glucose levels). Concentration of C-reactive protein was an independent determinant of endothelium-dependent vascular function (P<0.001 for low dose acetylcholine, P=0.01 for high dose acetylcholine). Other determinants of endothelium-dependent vascular dysfunction were CD8-lymphocytes expressing ICAM-1 (P=0.001), antibodies to oxidized low-density lipoprotein (P<0.001), and body weight (P=0.007). The present data showed an association between inflammatory risk factors linked to atherothrombosis and endothelial dysfunction in coronary heart disease patients. It is possible that endothelial dysfunction in coronary heart disease patients is related to the chronic inflammation or infection coexisting with atherosclerosis.
This article was published in Atherosclerosis
and referenced in Biology and Medicine