Author(s): Harrison CJ, Hedrick JA, Block SL, Gilchrist MJ
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Abstract The epidemiology, microbiology and clinical outcome of the conjunctivitis-otitis syndrome (CJ-AOM) was investigated in a rural private practice concurrent to a double blind placebo-controlled study of orally administered amoxicillin for prevention of acute otitis media (AOM) secondary to conjunctivitis. Bacterial pathogens were isolated when greater than 15 polymorphonuclear leukocytes/high power field were observed on Gram-stained smear of conjunctival secretions. Nontypable Haemophilus influenzae biotype 2 predominated in CJ-AOM; however, Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated nearly as frequently as H. influenzae in conjunctivitis without AOM. Younger age (P = 0.001) and more episodes of AOM in the previous year (P = 0.006) were risk factors for CJ-AOM. Persistence of AOM was frequently observed in CJ-AOM. The frequency of AOM secondary to conjunctivitis was reduced (P = .01) in amoxicillin recipients (2 of 41) compared with placebo (11 of 42), but amoxicillin failed to eradicate nasopharyngeal carriage of H. influenzae. More episodes of AOM per year (P less than 0.001) and day care (P less than 0.001) were found to be risk factors for AOM secondary to conjunctivitis.
This article was published in Pediatr Infect Dis J
and referenced in Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology