alexa Relationship between chemical structure and anti-complementary activity of plant polysaccharides.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Author(s): Cyong JC, Yamada H, Nagai T, Otsuka Y, Tomoda M

Abstract Share this page

We have shown previously that a low-molecular-weight fucan extracted from the brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum strongly inhibited human complement activation in vitro and its mechanism of action was largely elucidated. We further investigated the influence of molecular weight and chemical composition of fucan on its anticomplementary activity. The capacity of 12 fragments of fucan (ranging from a molecular weight of 4100 to 214000) to prevent complement-mediated haemolysis of sheep erythrocytes (classical pathway) and of rabbit erythrocytes (alternative pathway) increased with increasing molecular weight, and reached a plateau for 40000 and 13500, respectively. The most potent fucan fractions were 40-fold more active than heparin in inhibiting the classical pathway. They were, however, as active as heparin in inhibiting the alternative pathway. In addition, we have developed a haemolytic test based on the CH50 protocol, which allows discrimination between activators and inhibitors of complement proteins. Although the mannose content within the different fucan fragments did not vary, the galactose and glucuronic acid contents increased with increasing activity, suggesting that these residues should be essential for full anticomplementary activity. Meanwhile, sulphate groups appeared to be necessary, but were clearly not a sufficient requirement for anticomplementary activity of fucans. Taken together, these data illustrate the prospects for the use of fucans as potential anti-inflammatory agents.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in Carbohydrate Research and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version