Author(s): Tsujita T, Shirai K, Saito Y, Okuda H
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Abstract There are at least two sites on the lipase which are concerned with catalysis: the catalytic site and the hydrophobic recognition site (lipid-binding site). The recognition site may be destroyed by mild proteolytic digestion, but the catalytic site may not be changed by this treatment. Mild treatment with trypsin caused change in the catalytic properties of hepatic triglyceride lipase; the water-insoluble ester-hydrolyzing activity of hepatic triglyceride lipase decreased, whereas the water-soluble ester-hydrolyzing activity did not change. After proteolytic digestion, hepatic triglyceride lipase resembles esterase since it hydrolyzes the water-soluble substrate better than the water-insoluble substrate. Conversely, esterase was converted to lipase by treatment with phospholipid. Cardiolipin in a concentration-dependent fashion enhanced triolein-hydrolysis of human serum carboxylesterase and this effect was associated with a dose-dependent decrease in water-soluble tributyrin hydrolysis. Based on these results, we propose the hypothesis that lipase and esterase have similar catalytic sites and that addition of a hydrophobic recognition site to esterase causes conversion of esterase to lipase (Fig. 9).
This article was published in Prog Clin Biol Res
and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology