Author(s): Schloer GM, Hanson RP
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Abstract Ability of 14 Newcastle disease virus strains to produce large plaques was related to virulence for chickens. Plaque-size comparisons were made under standard conditions in chick embryo cell monolayers. All plaque-producing strains showed a range of plaque sizes modified to a degree by the overlay medium used. An increase in size was found for most strains under methyl-cellulose overlay medium. Markedly larger plaques were found under this medium for both Calif-RO and Calif-CG strains. Heterogeneity in plaque size was most pronounced in velogenic (high virulence) strains. Only populations of small plaques were found in mesogenic (intermediate virulence) strains, and plaques were rarely found in lentogenic (low virulence) strains. Statistical analysis showed that the plaque size of velogenic strains differed significantly from mesogenic strains. None of the 11 plaque-producing strains had a normal distribution of plaque sizes, owing primarily to the presence of different genotypes within the plaquing population of a strain. This was demonstrated by derivation of clones from two of the strains. The populations of the large (Herts L) and small (Herts S) clear plaque clones derived from Eng-Herts were homogenous and distinct from one another on the basis of plaque size. Herts L was more virulent than Herts S. Although Herts L became more heterogenous in respect to plaque size upon repeated passage in embryonated eggs, no decrease in virulence of the strain was observed.
This article was published in J Virol
and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology