alexa Relationship of shoulder flexibility, strength, and endurance to shoulder pain in competitive swimmers.
Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies

Author(s): Beach ML, Whitney SL, DickoffHoffman S

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Abstract This study was supported in part by the School of Health Related Professions Research and Development Fund, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA A common complaint of competitive swimmers is shoulder pain. The purposes of this study were to: 1) provide normative data on shoulder flexibility in swimmers, 2) determine if a correlation exists between flexibility and shoulder pain, and 3) determine the correlation between strength and endurance ratios to shoulder pain. The subjects were 28 Division I collegiate swimmers and four club swimmers. Shoulder flexibility measurements were obtained bilaterally using a universal goniometer. Strength and endurance ratios were obtained bilaterally using the Cybex II(R) isokinetic dynamometer and the Upper Body Exercise Table(R). The swimmers completed a questionnaire that included a shoulder pain performance scale. The Pearson product moment correlation coefficient and multiple regression (R) analysis were the applied statistics. The results demonstrated that no significant correlation (p > 0.001) existed between shoulder flexibility, strength ratios, and shoulder pain. There was a significant (p
  • DOI: 10.2519/jospt.1992.16.6.262
  • This article was published in J Orthop Sports Phys Ther and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies

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