alexa Relationship of supernatural beliefs and first treatment contact in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder: an exploratory study from India.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Research & Bioethics

Author(s): Grover S, Patra BN, Aggarwal M, Avasthi A

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BACKGROUND: The etiology of mental illness has been attributed to many different causes by people of various cultural backgrounds, including supernatural beliefs. This in turn affects the help-seeking behavior. Aim of this study was to explore the supernatural belief and pathways of care in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) attending a tertiary care hospital located in north India. METHODOLOGY: In all, 89 consecutive patients diagnosed with OCD (according to the International Classification of Diseases-10th Revision (ICD-10)) and ≥ 15 years of age were evaluated for their supernatural belief and help seeking. RESULTS: More than half of the patients (54%) believed in supernatural causes and 57.3% attributed their illness to supernatural causes. In addition to supernatural causes, many patients also attributed their illness to stress (household/work-related stress) or chemical imbalance in the body and or mind. About two-thirds of the patients (n = 58; 65.2%) first contacted a psychiatrist for their symptoms of OCD. Those who first contacted faith healers believed in one of the supernatural causations. CONCLUSION: Patients with OCD hold multiple beliefs regarding the etiology and treatment of mental illness which can affect their pathways to care.

This article was published in Int J Soc Psychiatry and referenced in Journal of Clinical Research & Bioethics

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