Author(s): Rosenberger Hale E, Goff DC, Isom S, Blackwell C, WhittGlover MC,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity contributes to metabolic syndrome (MetS) in overweight/obesity. However, little is known about this relationship in prediabetes. METHODS: The study purpose is to examine relationships between physical activity (PA) and MetS in prediabetes. The Healthy Living Partnerships to Prevent Diabetes tested a community translation of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). Three hundred one overweight/obese prediabetics provided walking minutes/week (WM) and total activity minutes/week (AM) via the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. MetS was at least 3 of waist (men ≥ 102 cm, women ≥ 88 cm), triglycerides (≥150 mg·dl), blood pressure (≥130·85 mm Hg), glucose (≥100 mg·dl), and HDL (men < 40 mg·dl, women < 50 mg·dl). RESULTS: The sample was 57.5\% female, 26.7\% nonwhite/Hispanic, 57.9 ± 9.5 years and had a body mass index (BMI) 32.7 ± 4 kg·m². Sixty percent had MetS. Eighteen percent with MetS reported at least 150 AM compared with 29.8\% of those without MetS. The odds of MetS was lower with greater AM (P(trend) = .041) and WM (P(trend) = .024). Odds of MetS with 0 WM were 2.08 (P = .046) and with no AM were 2.78 (P = .009) times those meeting goal. One hour additional WM led to 15 times lower MetS odds. CONCLUSIONS: Meeting PA goals reduced MetS odds in this sample, which supported PA for prediabetes to prevent MetS. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00631345.
This article was published in J Phys Act Health
and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access