alexa Relative contributions of NK and CD8 T cells to IFN-gamma mediated innate immune protection against Listeria monocytogenes.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Berg RE, Crossley E, Murray S, Forman J

Abstract Share this page

Abstract During the innate immune response to Listeria monocytogenes (LM), the secretion of IFN-gamma is crucial in controlling bacterial numbers. We have shown recently that CD8 T cells have the ability to rapidly secrete IFN-gamma independent of Ag, in response to IL-12 and IL-18, during a LM infection. In the current study, we compared the relative abilities of NK and CD8 T cells to provide innate immune protection. Upon transfer of either NK or memory OT-I T cells (specific for the OVA protein) into IFN-gamma-deficient hosts that were infected subsequently with wild-type LM, both cell types were found in the spleen and had the ability to secrete IFN-gamma. However, the OT-I T cells were more effective at providing innate immune protection as determined by spleen and liver LM burdens. We used immunocytochemistry to demonstrate that upon infection with LM, marginal zone macrophages were localized to the T cell area of the splenic follicle. Transferred memory OT-I T cells were also found in the T cell area of the spleen, co-localizing with the LM and macrophages. In sharp contrast, NK cells were found predominantly in the red pulp region of the spleen. In addition, memory OT-I T cells were also found to be associated with LM lesions in the liver. These results highlight the importance of CD8 T cells in innate immune responses to LM and suggest that their increased protective ability compared with NK cells is the result of their colocalization with LM and macrophages.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords