Author(s): Leung KH
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Abstract We determined effects of IL-1alpha, TNFalpha and IFNgamma on sICAM-1 release in culture media from human aortic smooth muscle cells (AOSMC), dermal microvascular endothelial cells (DMEC), keratinocytes (KC), bronchial epithelial cells (BEC) and lung fibroblasts (LF) as determined by ELISA. Under basal conditions of cultures for 20 h, low concentrations of sICAM-1 were only detected in the culture media of two (DMEC and BEC) of these cell types. IL-1alpha, TNFalpha and IFNgamma stimulated sICAM-1 from these cells. IFNgamma stimulated more shedding from AOSMC, BEC and KC than IL-1alpha or TNFalpha. TNFalpha enhanced more sICAM-1 release from DEMC than from AOSMC, BEC and LF. IL-1alpha and IFNgamma or TNFalpha and IFNgamma acted synergistically to enhance shedding of sICAM-1 from these cells. The levels sICAM-1 in pathophysiological conditions may influence leukocyte-vascular cell interactions to block leukocyte transmigration to tissue injury sites as a negative feedback mechanism. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology