alexa Relevance of Toll-like receptor-4 polymorphisms in renal transplantation.
Surgery

Surgery

Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research

Author(s): Ducloux D, Deschamps M, Yannaraki M, Ferrand C, Bamoulid J,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms in Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) have been reported to be associated with a blunted immune response to microbial pathogens, as well as a decreased risk of atherosclerosis in the general population. We assessed the impact of the two TLR4 variants on the risk of severe infection, the incidence of acute rejection, and the occurrence of atherosclerotic complications in renal transplant recipients (RTR). METHODS: TLR-4 polymorphisms were assessed in a cohort of 238 RTR. Post-transplant atherosclerotic events, acute rejection, severe bacterial infection, cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease, and opportunistic infections were evaluated as outcomes. RESULTS: The patients were followed for a mean duration of 95 +/- 29 months after transplant. TLR4 polymorphism was observed in 27 (11.3\%) RTR. Subjects with TLR4 polymorphisms were less likely to experience post-transplant atherosclerotic events (RR 0.44; 95\% CI 0.21 to 0.93; P= 0.02) and acute rejection (RR 0.41; 95\% CI 0.30 to 0.83; P= 0.01), but presented severe bacterial infections (RR 1.33; 95\% CI 1.12 to 1.67; P= 0.01) and opportunistic infections (RR 3.03; 95\% CI 1.72 to 8.29; P= 0.008) more frequently. TLR4 polymorphism was marginally associated with CMV disease (RR 1.47; 95\% CI 0.95 to 2.64; P= 0.08). CONCLUSION: RTR with TLR4 polymorphism present a lower risk of post-transplant atherosclerotic events and acute allograft rejection, but experience severe infectious episodes more frequently. This subset of RTR may benefit from a less potent immunosuppression regimen, along with increased preventive measures against infectious agents. This article was published in Kidney Int and referenced in Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version