Author(s): Collet X, Tall AR, Serajuddin H, Guendouzi K, Royer L,
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Abstract The transport of HDL cholesteryl esters (CE) from plasma to the liver involves a direct uptake pathway, mediated by hepatic scavenger receptor B-I (SR-BI), and an indirect pathway, involving the exchange of HDL CE for triglycerides (TG) of TG-rich lipoproteins by cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). We carried out HDL CE turnover studies in mice expressing human CETP and/or human lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) transgenes on a background of human apoA-I expression. The fractional clearance of HDL CE by the liver was delayed by LCAT transgene, while the CETP transgene increased it. However, there was no incremental transfer of HDL CE radioactivity to the TG-rich lipoprotein fraction in mice expressing CETP, suggesting increased direct removal of HDL CE in the liver. To evaluate the possibility that this might be mediated by SR-BI, HDL isolated from plasma of the different groups of transgenic mice was incubated with SR-BI transfected or control CHO cells. HDL isolated from mice expressing CETP showed a 2- to 4-fold increase in SR-BI-mediated HDL CE uptake, compared to HDL from mice lacking CETP. The addition of pure CETP to HDL in cell culture did not lead to increased selective uptake of HDL CE by cells. However, when human HDL was enriched with TG by incubation with TG-rich lipoproteins in the presence of CETP, then treated with hepatic lipase, there was a significant enhancement of HDL CE uptake. Thus, the remodeling of human HDL by CETP, involving CE;-TG interchange, followed by the action of hepatic lipase (HL), leads to the enhanced uptake of HDL CE by cellular SR-BI. These observations suggest that in animals such as humans in which both the selective uptake and CETP pathways are active, the two pathways could operate in a synergistic fashion to enhance reverse cholesterol transport.
This article was published in J Lipid Res
and referenced in Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education