alexa Removal of a cationic dye from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto bentonite clay.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Tahir SS, Rauf N

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Abstract The ability of bentonite to remove malachite green from aqueous solutions has been studied for different adsorbate concentrations by varying the amount of adsorbent, temperature, pH and shaking time. Maximum adsorption of the dye, i.e. >90\% has been achieved in aqueous solutions using 0.05 g of bentonite at a pH of 9. Thermodynamic parameters such as DeltaH degrees, DeltaS degrees and DeltaG degrees were calculated from the slope and intercept of the linear plots of lnK(D) against 1/T. Analysis of adsorption results obtained at 298, 308, 318 and 328 K showed that the adsorption pattern on bentonite seems to follow the Langmuir, Freundlih and D-R isotherms. The temperature increase reduces adsorption capacity by bentonite, due to the enhancement of the desorption step in the mechanism. The numerical values of sorption free energy (E(a)) of 1.00-1.12 kJ mol(-1) indicated physical adsorption. The kinetic data indicated an intraparticle diffusion process with sorption being first order. The rate constant k was 0.526 min(-1). The concentration of malachite green oxalate was measured before and after adsorption by using UV-Vis spectrophotometer. This article was published in Chemosphere and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

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