Author(s): Srivastava J, Chandra H, Tripathi K, Naraian R, Sahu RK
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Abstract Heavy metal contamination of the rivers is a world wide environmental problem and its removal is a great challenge. Kanpur and Unnao two closely located districts of Uttar Pradesh India are known for their leather industries. The tanneries release their treated effluent in the near by water ways containing Cr metal that eventually merges with the river Ganges. Untreated tannery effluent contains 2.673 +/- 0.32 to 3.268 +/- 0.73 mg l(-1) Cr. Microbes were isolated, keeping the natural selection in the view, from the tannery effluent since microbes present in the effluent exposed to the various types of stresses and metal stress is one of them. Investigations include the exposure of higher concentrations of Cr(VI) 1.0 to 4.0 mg l(-1) to the bacteria (presumably the Pseudomonas spp.) predominant on the agar plate. The short termed study (72 h) of biosorption showed significant reduction of metal in the media especially in the higher concentrations with a value from 1.0 +/- 0.02, 2.0 +/- 0.01, 3.0 +/- 0, and 4.0 +/- 0.09 at zero h to 0.873 +/- 0.55, 1.840 +/- 1.31, 2.780 +/- 0.03 and 3.502 +/- 0.68 at 72 h respectively. The biosorption of metal show in the present study that the naturally occurring microbes have enough potential to mitigate the excessive contamination of their surroundings and can be used to reduce the metal concentrations in aqueous solutions in a specific time frame.
This article was published in J Basic Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation