Author(s): Margherio RR, Cox MS Jr, Trese MT, Murphy PL, Johnson J,
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Abstract Vitreous surgery was used to remove epiretinal macular membranes in 328 cases, 184 (56\%) of which had membranes that were considered idiopathic and 144 (44\%) which were due to other causes. The 12- to 92-month follow-up showed that visual acuity improved two lines or more in 243 (74\%) of the eyes, 79 (24\%) were unchanged and 6 (2\%) became worse. Recurrence of membranes was seen in 24 (7.3\%) eyes and 27 (8\%) eyes developed complications. In the idiopathic cases visual results were significantly better and complications fewer. Rapidly progressive nuclear sclerosis was noted in 23 (12.5\%) eyes. The degree of cystoid edema had no relationship to the final visual result. Pseudoholes which were present in 14 (8\%) of the idiopathic cases either became smaller or disappeared following successful surgery with an average increase in acuity of five lines.
This article was published in Ophthalmology
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology