alexa Removal of PAHs from water using an immature coal (leonardite).
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): ZelednToruo ZC, LaoLuque C, de Las Heras FX, SoleSardans M

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Abstract It has been studied an immature coal (leonardite) as an adsorbent for removing PAHs [fluorene, pyrene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene and benzo(g,h,i)perylene] from water. To determine the efficiency of leonardite as an adsorbent of PAHs, factors such as pH, contact time and equilibrium sorption were evaluated in a series of batch experiments. There were no significant differences in the removal percentages for the various pH values studied, except for fluorene. The adsorption of fluorene was higher at lower pH values. The equilibrium time was reached at 24h. At this time, more than 82\% of the pyrene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene and benzo(g,h,i)perylene had been removed. During the first 2h, the adsorption rate increased rapidly. After that time, however, there was a minor decrease. Equilibrium data were fitted to Freundlich models to determine the water-leonardite partitioning coefficient. Physical adsorption caused by the aromatic nature of the compounds was the main mechanism that governed the removal process. The polarity of the humic substances in leonardite may also have influenced the adsorption capacity. This article was published in Chemosphere and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

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