Author(s): Pape L, Offner G, Ehrich JH, de Boer J, Persijn GG
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Abstract BACKGROUND: To study the effect of donor age on kidney function, the authors investigated matched pairs from the same kidney donor given to a pediatric or an adult recipient. METHODS: Fifteen matched pairs of an adult and a pediatric patient, selected from the Eurotransplant registry, receiving the renal graft from the same cadaveric donor were selected for analysis of graft function over 7 years. Nine matched pairs were from adult donors (mean age, 40 years; range, 23-60 years) and six from pediatric donors (mean age, 11 years; range, 4-15 years). All recipients had comparable immunosuppression with cyclosporine A, prednisolone, and azathioprine and comparable numbers of acute rejection, cytomegalovirus reactivation, and antihypertensive therapy. Mean age of pediatric and adult recipients at transplantation was 5 years (range, 1-9 years) and 38 years (range, 25-60 years), respectively. RESULTS: The calculated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) corrected to body surface area was not different in adult and pediatric recipients. Initial absolute GFR was significantly lower in pediatric recipients (27 mL/ min; range, 17-38 mL/min) than in adult recipients (54 mL/min; range, 25-74 mL/min) (P <0.05) and remained lower in the following years. Initially, pediatric donor kidneys transplanted into pediatric recipients showed a lower absolute GFR than those transplanted into adults, however, approaching the GFR in adult recipients later. Adult donor kidneys transplanted into pediatric recipients showed a persistently lower absolute GFR in children compared with those transplanted into adult recipients. CONCLUSIONS: The authors conclude that adult donor kidneys in pediatric recipients decrease GFR in the early stages and lack an increase in GFR with growth of the child.
This article was published in Transplantation
and referenced in Journal of Clinical and Experimental Transplantation