Author(s): Knops NB, Cornelissen EA, Monnens LA
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Abstract This is the first report that presents renal transplantation after bilateral nephrectomy as the final treatment for severe renovascular hypertension due to fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD). We describe the history of a 1-year-old girl who suffered from renovascular hypertension due to FMD. Imaging revealed multiple bilateral stenoses of the renal artery extending into the distal branches. The hypertension proved unresponsive to pharmacologic treatment and the intrarenal peripherally located stenoses rendered a conventional approach such as transluminal or surgical angioplasty not feasible. At the age of 5 years, a unilateral nephrectomy of the most affected kidney was performed, but she remained hypertensive and developed progressive cardiomyopathy and retinopathy. At the age of 6 years the remaining kidney was removed, followed by a living related renal transplantation with a kidney donated by her mother. Posttransplantation, she developed mild hypertension due to a postanastomotic stenosis, which was easily controlled with antihypertensives. Now 8 years after transplantation, she has experienced no further blood pressure related problems. Although there is a risk of recurrence of FMD after performing a living related transplantation, our report suggests that this procedure is relatively safe, provided appropriate preoperative evaluation and follow up is performed. ©2011 The Authors Journal compilation©2011 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.
This article was published in Am J Transplant
and referenced in Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics