Author(s): Laing CM, Unwin RJ
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Abstract Renal tubular acidosis (RTA) is a form of metabolic acidosis due to abnormal alkali (bicarbonate) loss by the kidneys or their failure to excrete net acid. While the latter does occur in chronic renal failure, the term RTA is usually applied only when the glomerular filtration rate is normal or near normal. As well as a cause of metabolic acidosis, RTA often presents as renal stone disease with nephrocalcinosis, rickets/osteomalacia, and growth retardation in children. In this brief review, we have summarized the classification, clinical features and the underlying cell and molecular pathophysiology of RTA. However, despite significant advances in our understanding of the mechanisms of RTA, its treatment is still empirical and based largely on alkali replacement therapy; but its wider significance in renal stone and bone disease is becoming increasingly recognized.
This article was published in J Nephrol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports