Author(s): Sawyer RT, Flynn ER, Hutchens ZM Jr, Williams JM, Garrett MR,
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Abstract Previous studies have demonstrated that renoprotective effects of C-peptide in experimental models of diabetes-induced renal disease may be mediated via lowering blood glucose. The present study examined the renoprotective effects of C-peptide in a model of nondiabetic renal disease, the Dahl salt-sensitive (SS/jr) rat. SS/jr rats were placed on a 2\% NaCl diet for 2 wk (HS2, resulting in mild to moderate renal injury) or 4 wk (HS4, resulting in advanced renal injury) and then received either vehicle (veh) or C-peptide (Cpep) for additional 4 wk. Urine albumin (UAE) and protein (UPE) excretion rates were measured at baseline (i.e., before initiation of veh or Cpep treatment) and 4 wk later (i.e., at the time of death). Glomerular permeability, indexes of glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial fibrosis, the presence of inflammatory cells, and protein expression of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and podocin were measured at the time of death. In HS2 + veh rats, UAE and UPE increased by 74 and 92\%, respectively, from baseline and the time of death. While HS2 + Cpep attenuated this increase in UAE and UPE, HS4 + Cpep had no effect on these parameters. Similarly, HS2 + Cpep reduced glomerular permeability, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, renal inflammation, TGF-β, and podocin protein expression, while HS4 + Cpep had no effect. These studies indicate that C-peptide is renoprotective in nondiabetic experimental models with mild to moderate renal injury.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Renal Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism