Author(s): Richardson JB, Caterson B, Evans EH, Ashton BA, Roberts S
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Abstract Tissue engineering is an increasingly popular method of addressing pathological disorders of cartilage. Recent studies have demonstrated its clinical efficacy, but there is little information on the structural organisation and biochemical composition of the repair tissue and its relation to the adjacent normal tissue. We therefore analysed by polarised light microscopy and immunohistochemistry biopsies of repair tissue which had been taken 12 months after implantation of autologous chondrocytes in two patients with defects of articular cartilage. Our findings showed zonal heterogeneity throughout the repair tissue. The deeper zone resembled hyaline-like articular cartilage whereas the upper zone was more fibrocartilaginous. The results indicate that within 12 months autologous chondrocyte implantation successfully produces replacement cartilage tissue, a major part of which resembles normal hyaline cartilage.
This article was published in J Bone Joint Surg Br
and referenced in Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology