Author(s): Smith CA, Hanawalt PC
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Abstract A simplified and shortened procedure has been developed for the determination of repair replication of DNA in cultured mammalian cells. The procedure, using the bromodeoxyuridine density label and a radio-isotopic label has been applied to normal diploid human cells (WI38) and to their SV40 transformants (VA13). After incubation with the repair label the cells are lysed and digested for two hours at 50 degrees C with proteinase K. This digest can then be immediately subjected to alkaline cesium chloride density gradient centrifugation with no need for DNA extraction. Hydroxyurea is used to reduce the level of semi-conservative synthesis that a quantitative determination of repair replication can be accomplished by a single centrifugation. The method is not affected by variation in the effectiveness of the inhibitor although a small amount of semi-conservative synthesis normally occurs in the presence of the drug. The time course of repair replication in WI38 cells is unaffected by the drug. The apparent amount of repair synthesis in ultraviolet irradiated cells is increased 25 to 40\% in the presence of hydroxyurea when thymidine is used as tracer. Under certain conditions in which the level of semiconservative synthesis is low (e.g., contact inhibited cells, high ultraviolet doses) the use of hydroxyurea is unnecessary.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy