Author(s): Galizio M, Byrd BD, Robinson AM, Hawkey A, RayburnReeves R,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Acute effects of methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), methamphetamine (MA) and methylphenidate (MPD) were studied using a within-subject, repeated acquisition/performance procedure adapted to the Morris Swim Task. To investigate place learning, the acquisition component consisted of a hidden platform that varied in location across experimental sessions. As a control for drug effects not specific to acquisition, a performance component was included in which the hidden platform was in the same pool location in every experimental session. All three drugs increased escape latencies and swim distances in dose-dependent fashion. However, impairment in the acquisition component was generally observed only at doses that also produced impairment in the performance component, suggesting that effects were not selective to place learning. None of the drugs produced enhancement of learning or performance at any dose. Taken together, the results suggest that acute exposure to these psychomotor stimulants produce global impairment of performance in the Morris task, rather than specific deficits in place learning.
This article was published in Psychol Rec
and referenced in Journal of Pharmacological Reports