alexa Repeated alcohol: behavioral sensitization and alcohol-heightened aggression in mice.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence

Author(s): Fish EW, DeBold JF, Miczek KA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract RATIONALE: Repeated administration of psychomotor stimulants or opiates can induce behavioral sensitization, typically detected as progressive and long-lasting increases in the motor-activating effects of these drugs. This phenomenon may be relevant to seizure susceptibility, drug self-administration, and sexual behavior. Repeated administration of alcohol can also induce behavioral sensitization and may have consequences on how alcohol affects aggressive behavior. OBJECTIVES: To (1) determine the enduring nature of locomotor sensitization to alcohol; (2) examine subsequent changes to morphine and amphetamine effects on locomotor behavior; and (3) test whether behavioral sensitization to alcohol or morphine is relevant to alcohol-heightened aggression. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the first experiment, male CFW mice were given ten injections of alcohol (2.4 g/kg/day), morphine (30.0 mg/kg/day), or saline. Video tracking confirmed locomotor sensitization--an approximate 200\% increase in the motor-stimulating effects of these drugs. Challenges with 2.0 g/kg alcohol revealed that locomotor sensitization to alcohol persisted for at least 2 months. Alcohol-sensitized mice showed evidence of cross-tolerance to the sedative effects of morphine (5 mg/kg) but showed no evidence of cross-sensitization to the stimulant effects of 30.0 mg/kg morphine or 1.0 mg/kg amphetamine. In the second experiment, under conditions resulting in species-typical aggressive behavior against a male intruder, there were no differences in the aggressive behavior relative to saline control mice following alcohol or morphine sensitization. However, in the mice sensitized to alcohol, but not to morphine, there was a vertical shift in the dose-effect curve for moderate doses of alcohol (0.6-1.7 g/kg, p.o.). In addition, twice as many alcohol-sensitized mice consistently showed alcohol-heightened aggression when compared with the saline control mice (74\% vs 37\%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Repeated administration of alcohol can sensitize locomotor stimulation and may also render mice more vulnerable to increased aggression after alcohol. Moreover, the results suggest that at least some of the neuroadaptations caused by repeated administration of alcohol are relevant to alcohol-heightened aggression. This article was published in Psychopharmacology (Berl) and referenced in Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords