Author(s): Gilbert ES, Crowley DE
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Abstract Carvone, the principal component of spearmint oil, induces biodegradation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) by Arthrobacter sp. strain B1B. This study investigated the effectiveness of the repeated application of carvone-induced bacteria for bioremediation of Aroclor-1242-contaminated soil. Control treatments compared a single inoculation of carvone-induced cells, repeated applications of noninduced cells, and repeated applications of cell-free carvone/fructose medium. The results showed that repeated application of carvone-induced bacteria was the most effective treatment for mineralizing PCB, resulting in 27 +/- 6\% degradation of Aroclor 1242 after 9 weeks; whereas a single application of cells resulted in no significant degradation. Addition of cell-free, carvone/fructose medium resulted in 10\% degradation of PCB, which suggests that this treatment stimulated biodegradation of PCB by the indigenous microflora. The di- and trichlorobiphenyls were the most readily degraded congeners. More highly chlorinated congeners, which had been previously shown to be degraded in liquid culture, were not substantially degraded in soil, indicating that low bioavailability may have limited their degradation. With the development of new technology, which permits automated in situ fermentation and delivery of degrader microorganisms, the repeated application of carvone-induced bacteria may facilitate bioremediation of PCB-contaminated soils.
This article was published in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol
and referenced in Journal of Nursing & Care