Author(s): Shuto H, Kataoka Y, Horikawa T, Fujihara N, Oishi R
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Abstract In vivo effects of single and repeated interferon-alpha administrations on the dynamics of noradrenaline, dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine were investigated in the mouse brain. Single interferon-alpha administration (15, 30 and 60 X 10(6) U/kg i.p.) had no significant effect on the levels of monoamines and their metabolites or monoamine turnover. When interferon-alpha (15 X 10(6) U/kg i.p.) was administered once a day for 5 days, however, both dopamine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid levels were significantly decreased and alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine-induced dopamine depletion was significantly suppressed. These results suggest that repeated interferon-alpha administration inhibits dopaminergic neural activity. This inhibitory action of interferon-alpha in dopamine neurons may be involved in adverse central effects, such as parkinsonism and depression with suicidal potential.
This article was published in Brain Res
and referenced in Advances in Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety