alexa Reperfusion injury after focal cerebral ischemia: the role of inflammation and the therapeutic horizon.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Jean WC, Spellman SR, Nussbaum ES, Low WC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Recent evidence indicates that thrombolysis may be an effective therapy for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. However, the reperfusion of ischemic brain comes with a price. In clinical trials, patients treated with thrombolytic therapy have shown a 6\% rate of intracerebral hemorrhage, which was balanced against a 30\% improvement in functional outcome over controls. Destruction of the microvasculature and extension of the infarct area occur after cerebral reperfusion. We have reviewed the existing data indicating that an inflammatory response occurring after the reestablishment of circulation has a causative role in this reperfusion injury. The recruitment of neutrophils to the area of ischemia, the first step to inflammation, involves the coordinated appearance of multiple proteins. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and integrins are adhesion molecules that are up-regulated in endothelial cells and leukocytes. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1, and platelet-activating factor also participate in leukocyte accumulation and subsequent activation. Therapies that interfere with the functions of these factors have shown promise in reducing reperfusion injury and infarct extension in the experimental setting. They may prove to be useful adjuncts to thrombolytic therapy in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke.
This article was published in Neurosurgery and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords