Author(s): Chang JY, Monroe DM, Stafford DW, Brinkhous KM, Roberts HR
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Abstract Using the techniques of molecular biology, we made a chimeric Factor IX by replacing the first epidermal growth factor-like domain with that of Factor VII. The resulting recombinant chimeric molecule, Factor IXVIIEGF1, had at least a twofold increase in functional activity in the one-stage clotting assay when compared to recombinant wild-type Factor IX. The increased activity was not due to contamination with activated Factor IX, nor was it due to an increased rate of activation by Factor VIIa-tissue factor or by Factor XIa. Rather, the increased activity was due to a higher affinity of Factor IXVIIEGF1 for Factor VIIIa with a Kd for Factor VIIIa about one order of magnitude lower than that of recombinant wild-type Factor IXa. In addition, results from animal studies show that this chimeric Factor IX, when infused into a dog with hemophilia B, exhibits a greater than threefold increase in clotting activity, and has a biological half-life equivalent to recombinant wild-type Factor IX.
This article was published in J Clin Invest
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy