Author(s): Conget P, Rodriguez F, Kramer S, Allers C, Simon V,
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Abstract In animal models it has been shown that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) contribute to skin regeneration and accelerate wound healing. We evaluated whether allogeneic MSC administration resulted in an improvement in the skin of two patients with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB; OMIM 226600). Patients had absent type VII collagen immunohistofluorescence and since birth had suffered severe blistering and wounds that heal with scarring. Vehicle or 0.5 x 10(6) MSC were infused intradermally in intact and chronic ulcerated sites. One week after intervention, in MSC-treated skin type VII collagen was detected along the basement membrane zone and the dermal-epidermal junction was continuous. Re-epithelialization of chronic ulcerated skin was observed only near MSC administration sites. In both patients the observed clinical benefit lasted for 4 months. Thus intradermal administration of allogeneic MSC associates with type VII collagen replenishment at the dermal-epidermal junction, prevents blistering and improves wound healing in unconditioned patients with RDEB.
This article was published in Cytotherapy
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy