alexa Replication-independent nucleosome exchange is enhanced by local and specific acetylation of histone H4.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Phylogenetics & Evolutionary Biology

Author(s): Elliott GO, Murphy KJ, Hayes JJ, Thiriet C

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Abstract We used a novel single-cell strategy to examine the fate of histones during G(2)-phase. Consistent with previous results, we find that in G(2)-phase, the majority of nuclear histones are assembled into chromatin, whereas a small fraction comprises an unassembled pool. Small increases in the amount of histones within the free pool affect the extent of exchange, suggesting that the free pool is in dynamic equilibrium with chromatin proteins. Unexpectedly, acetylated H4 is preferentially partitioned to the unassembled pool. Although an increase in global histone acetylation did not affect overall nucleosome dynamics, an H4 containing lysine to glutamine substitutions as mimics of acetylation significantly increased the rate of exchange, but did not affect the acetylation state of neighbouring nucleosomes. Interestingly, transcribed regions are particularly predisposed to exchange on incorporation of H4 acetylation mimics compared with surrounding regions. Our results support a model whereby histone acetylation on K8 and K16 specifically marks nucleosomes for eviction, with histones being rapidly deacetylated on reassembly.
This article was published in Nucleic Acids Res and referenced in Journal of Phylogenetics & Evolutionary Biology

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