alexa Reproductive, biochemical, physiological, and population responses in perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) and roach (Rutilus rutilus L.) downstream of two elemental chlorine-free pulp and paper mills.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

Author(s): Karels A, Markkula E, Oikari A

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Abstract Perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) and roach (Rutilus rutilus L.) populations in a state of late vitellogenesis were studied downstream of two pulp and paper mills and at upstream references in southern Lake Saimaa, Finland. The mills used elemental chlorine-free bleaching and activated sludge effluent treatment technologies. The exposure of fish to pulp mill effluents, as measured by concentrations of chlorophenolics in the bile and liver ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity, was low and almost similar to the references. Nevertheless, bile resin acid concentrations in exposed perch and roach (260-320 micrograms/ml) and bile beta-sitosterol concentrations in exposed roach (1.5-3.5 micrograms/ml) were, respectively, 10 to 30 times and 2 to 5 times higher compared with the references. Reproductive parameters like plasma 17 beta-estradiol and testosterone levels were lower in exposed male and female perch but the same in roach. Vitellogenin concentrations in plasma and liver cytosol of roach were similar. Gonad weight and fecundity were lower in exposed female perch but similar in roach. The relative liver weight was higher in exposed roach but not in perch. The body condition and immunologic parameters in fish were the same. The growth and age at maturity of exposed perch and roach were similar to the references. The size and age distribution of perch in the recipient of one of the mills was shifted toward smaller and younger fish. Our results show that several reproductive variables were altered in late vitellogenic perch in the vicinity of the mills, but they were not altered in roach.
This article was published in Environ Toxicol Chem and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

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