Author(s): Presibella KM, Kita DH, Carneiro CB, Andrade AJ, Dalsenter PR
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Abstract Data from in vitro studies suggest that the pesticides deltamethrin (D) and endosulfan (E) exert estrogen-like effects. There is concern that interaction between weakly estrogenic compounds can increase their estrogenic potency. The aim of the present study was to determine estrogenic activity in an animal model and the possible female reproductive adverse effects of these pesticides combined. Wistar rats received daily (po), from day 6 of pregnancy to day 21 of lactation, deltamethrin and endosulfan concomitantly: D: 2.0 mg/kg+E: 1.5 mg/kg, or D: 3.0 mg/kg+E: 2.0 mg/kg, or D: 4.0 mg/kg+E: 3.0mg/kg. Some offspring also were exposed directly after weaning. Maternal and reproductive outcome data were assessed. An uterotrophic assay to screen in vivo estrogenic activity of D+E was also performed. A group of female offspring was analyzed for vaginal opening (VO), first estrus, estrous cycle regularity, and weights of the uterus and ovaries. No signs of maternal toxicity were detected. Results from the uterotrophic assay indicate absence of in vivo estrogenic activity of D+E. No significant variations in reproductive endpoints of females were observed. These results suggest that administration of D+E does not pose a reproductive hazard to female rats exposed during critical periods of development, indicating that the combination does not exert estrogen-like effects in vivo or is not delivered to target organs.
This article was published in Reprod Toxicol
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development