alexa Rescue and replication of adeno-associated virus type 2 as well as vector DNA sequences from recombinant plasmids containing deletions in the viral inverted terminal repeats: selective encapsidation of viral genomes in progeny virions.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Author(s): Wang XS, Ponnazhagan S, Srivastava A

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Abstract The adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV) genome can be successfully rescued from recombinant plasmids following transfection in adenovirus-infected human cells. However, following rescue, the AAV genome undergoes preferential replication and encapsidation, whereas little replication and packaging of the vector DNA sequences occur. In view of the crucial role in the rescue, replication, and packaging of the proviral genome played by the AAV inverted terminal repeats (ITRs), which consist of a palindromic hairpin (HP) structure and a 20-nucleotide stretch, designated the D-sequence, that is not involved in the HP-formation, we evaluated the involvement of the individual ITRs as well as their components in the selective viral DNA replication and encapsidation. A number of recombinant AAV plasmids that contained deletions-substitutions in different regions of the individual ITRs were constructed and examined for their potential to allow rescue, replication, and/or packaging in adenovirus-infected human cells in vivo. The results reported here document that (ii) two HP structures and one D-sequence are sufficient for efficient rescue and preferential replication of the AAV DNA, (ii) two HP structures alone allow a low-level rescue and replication of the AAV DNA, but rescue and replication of the vector DNA sequences also occur in the absence of the D-sequences, (iii) one HP structure and two D-sequences, but not one HP structure and one D-sequence, also allow rescue and replication of the AAV as well as the vector DNA sequences, (iv) one HP structure alone or two D-sequences, but not one D-sequence alone, allow replication of the full-length plasmid DNA, but no rescue of the AAV genome occurs, (v) no rescue-replication occurs in the absence of the HP structures and the D-sequences, (vi) in the absence of the D-sequences, the HP structures are insufficient for successful encapsidation of the AAV genomes, and (vii) the AAV genomes containing only one ITR structure can be packaged into biologically active virions. Thus, the D-sequence plays a crucial role in the efficient rescue and selective replication and encapsidation of the AAV genome. Furthermore, the D-sequence specifically interacts with a hitherto unknown host-cell protein that we have designated the D-sequence-binding protein (D-BP). These studies illustrate that the D-sequence-D-BP interaction constitutes an important step in the AAV life cycle.
This article was published in J Virol and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

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